1.Daily maintenance of forklift truck
2. Battery daily maintenance
3. Provide sales and after sales training for customers
1. Provide customers with long-term product maintenance services and components supply services (sign a service contract)
2. Leasing business (part of the region).
Safety issues Before Use
(1)Get permission from supervisor
·Only trained and authorized operator shall be permitted to operate the truck.
·The characteristic of brake, accelerator and hydraulic control levers are different an every truck which has same specification. After getting accustomed to operating, operate the forklift truck.
(2)Clothing of forklift truck working
·Wear a helmet, safety shoes and a working clothes.
·For security, do not wear a loose clothes which has a fear to be hooked or caught in. When hooked the clothes, this will lead to a dangerous condition unexpectedly.
(3)Do not operate after drinking
·Do not operate the forklift truck when you have tired, mix emotional problems, drugs or alcohol.
(4)Safety for your place of work
·Ensure that any water, oil, sand, ice or snow is removed from the road surface before work begins as these may cause the operator to lose control of the forklift.
·Never operate on rough or potholed roads, or roads with sharp objests on them, as any one of them could damage the forklift or cause it to tip over. Always ensure that the forklift will travel on a smooth surface free of hazards.
·Excessive peripheral noise can distract the operator and cause fatigue. There is also the risk that warnings to pedestrians and will go unnoticed. Operators must take particular care when using the forklift in noisy environments.
·Lighting for operating area is needed for safety working.
·Operating on a platform and dockboards is in danger of turnover, provide wheel stops or other positive protection to prevent a turnover.
(5)Keep clean condition of operator’s compartment
·Operator’s compartment shall be kept in a clean condition at all times.
·When having slippery oily hands or muddy hands, this condition will lead a dangerous operation.
·Tools and other metallic objects shall be kept away from the operator’s compartment. These obstruct the movements of lever or pedal.
Only in the event that the truck manufacturer is no longer in business and there is no successor in the interest to the business, the user may arrange for a modification or alteration to a powered industrial truck, provided, however, that the user shall:
·Arrange for the modification or alteration to be designed, tested and implemented by an engineer(s) expert in industrial trucks and their safety;
·Maintain a permanent record of the design, test(s) and implementation of the modification or alteration;
·Approve and make appropriate changes to the capacity plated(s), decals, tags and instruction handbook;
·Affix a permanent and readily visible label to the truck stating the manner in which the truck has been modified or altered together with the date of the modification or alteration, and the name and address of the organisation that accomplished the tasks.
·Truck should be equipped with an overhead guard and a load backrest.
·An overhead guard shall be used as protection against falling objects. It should be noted that an overhead guard is intend to offer protection from the impact of small packages, boxes, etc., representative of job application, but not to withstand the impact of falling capacity load. Precaution shall be taken to falling objects.
·Carry out daily servicing and periodic servicing.
·When find a damage or a fault at the truck, stop operating the truck and inform an employee about the truck condition inmediately. Do not operate the truck until the truck has been repaired completely.
(8)Avoid fire hazard
·Setting fire extinguisher to avoid fire hazard, accident or other indeterminism thing. Use the fire extinguisher according to it’s operating rules.
(9)Prohibition of overload
·Do not overload and observe the allowable load and the capacity chart on the truck. Make sure the weight of load and the center of gravity at the load position.
·Allowable capacity means what the maximum load can be put on the forks in accordance with a load center.
(10)Using a proper pallet
·Use a pallet which is suitable size and strength for a load.
·Make sure palletised load is in proper shape and securely palletised.
·Prohibition of handling materials without pallets.
Safety Problem During Operation
(1)Cautionary proceeding for start
·The parking brake lever is applied securely.
·The directional switch lever is in “N”.
·Depress the clutch pedal or the brake pedal.
·Adjust the seat so you can get easy access to all hand and foot controls.
·Make sure no one is under, on and close to the truck.
(2)Safety around the truck
·When carrying the large load and visibility is poor, make a drive backward or someone should induces the truck.
·When driving to backward, make sure no person is around the truck. The rear view mirror and the buzzer are for helping.
·Someone should induces the truck at narrow aisle.
·The driver shall be required to stop at cross aisles and other location where vision is obstructed and make sure security at right and left of the truck.
·Make sure the safety distance from sideways or platform’s edges. Working on the sideways or platform may cause the truck dropping, put stopper and so on.
·A forklift truck is a rear wheel steering which is different from a car, slow down the traveling speed and approach to a turing corner then operate steering wheel with taking care of a turn at the truck back.
(3)Prohibition of rough driving
·Do not turn on the key switch with depressing the accelerator pedal.
·Do not make a sudden start, braking or turn. A sudden start and braking can cause a falling of load. A sharp turn on traveling can cause a overturn of truck and may relate to a serious accident.
·Operate hydraulic control levers slowly when loading and unloading. There is a danger of falling load or overturning the truck when operating the levers suddenly at high height position of forks.
·Do not run over bumps and obstacles scattered on the road.
·When passing by the other truck, slow down tle traveling speed and sound the horn.
·Do not drive into a weak floor or ground.
·Slow down the traveling speed on a wet, slippery, uneven and inclined place, etc.
·Make sure that there is sufficient clearance between mast and ceiling or entrance of a structure.
(4)Prohibition of driving with forks lifted up in the air
·Do not drive with forks lifted up. When traveling with lifted forks, this could cause an unstable condition and a turn over of the truck.
(5)Prohibition of fork tip working
·Do not push a load or lift up by the tip of forks. When catch a load by the tip of forks, it can cause jumping up the truck or a load.
(6)Prohibition of pushing and pulling working
·Do not push or pull a load. The load would be damaged or dropped.
(7)Driving on a slope
·Drive the truck on a slop as following.
LOADED:Drive the truck forward to ascend and backward to descend.
UNLOADED:Drive the truck backward to ascend and forward to descend.
·When the truck goes down on a slope, drive slowly with the brakes on. Make sure that the forks should not touch the ground.
·Driving, turning and loading shall not be taken on a slope. It could cause turning sideways of the truck, it is very dangerous.
(8)Prohibition of off-center loads
·Make sure if loads are arranged stable and safely, insent the forks to the pallet correctly and care must be taken not to handle off-center loads.
·To handle off-center loads could lead to overturn the truck and falling loads.
(9)Prohibition of permitting passengers to ride
·Do not permit passenger to ride on the forks or a pallet.
·Do not ride people on the truck except driver.
·Do not ride people on the truck as a counterbalance.
·Do not stand on the load or pass under forks.
(10)Prohibition of putting into mast structure
·Never put any part of the body into the mast structure or between the mast and truck.
·Keep hands and feet inside the operator’s compartment. Do not put any part of the body outside the operator campartment of the truck.
(11)Prohibition of lifting when tilting loads forward
·Do not lift up load and drive a truck when tilting the mast forward. When lifting loads or diving the truck, tilt the mast backward enough and stabilize the load. When traveling with or without load, raise the forks for 150-200mm from the floor.
·Do not tilt the mast forward with the load.
·When lifting or lowering the load, be sure to stop the truck.
·Do not load and unload the load at the condition which the truck is leaning.
(12)Driving into trailer
·Operate the truck at the place where has holding means of a trailer at docks.
·Before starting operation of truck, fix a dockboard and inspect it’s strength.
·When getting into or off the trailer, drive carefully and slowly across the dockboard or bidge plate.
(13)Getting on and off truck
·Do not jump on and off the truck.
·When get on and off the truck, grasp a grip, put on your foot at step and supporting your body.
·When getting on the truck, do not grasp a steering wheel or hydraulic control levers.
(14)Prohibition of loading high stacked loads
·Loaded load should be contacting with a load backrest. Do not handle the load which a exceeded height of a backrest. When loads go over a load backrest, there is a danger of loads’s falling against operator.
·When making a double stack loading, fasten the loads with rope to protect falling of loads.
·Do not draw out the forks from a pallet when chains are loosen. When chains are loosen, there is a danger of catching loads and rack by forks or falling of loads and overturning of truck.
·When chains are loosen, pull the lift lever a little and lift the forks, the loosen chains could be corrected. After correcting the loosen chains, draw out the forks from a pallet.
(16)Adjustment of forks
·Adjust the spreading of forks in accordance with a pallet size. Care must be taken not to pintch fingers when adjusting a spreading of forks.
·When adjusting the width of forks, make sure that the setting pin of forks are fixed. When the forks are not fixed, the forks could move and there is a danger of load’s crumbling and falling.
(17)Handling of wide loads
·Careful driving should be taken when handling long or wide loads.
·Be careful of around security when turning, and turn slowly in order not to move loads.
·Be careful of balancing of loads, and handle the loads at low height position.
·Lifting and lowering loads should be slowly, and be carful of around security.
(18)Prohibition of holding down loads by hands
·Do not hold down the loads by hands. There is a danger of load’s falling.
(19)Parking of disabled forklift truck
·When park the off road forklift truck, warning or “out of order” signs shall be placed on the truck and remove the key.
·When the forks could not be lowered by fault, place a large mark in order not to be hit by other truck or walkers.
(20)Information of after finished working
Before leaving the truck:
·Tilt the mast ass’y forward and fully lower the forks. If do not lower the forks to the floor, there is a danger of stumbling or hitting body.
·Place directional switch lever in neutral.
·Apply the parking brake securely.
·Turn off the key switch and remove the key.
·Park at reserved place.
·Parking place should be hard sufficiently and does not disturb a traffic.
·Do not park on or near an inflammable object.
·Do not park trucks on a slope. When park trucks on a slope, the trucks could move inconceivable. When park trucks on a slop by necessity, put wheel drags securely.
According to the measure method specified in ISO 12053, max.noise at the outboard of the truck should be not more than 101dB(for 1-3t)and 103dB(for 5-10t). It is measured in sound pressure level at the operator’s position and in sound power level around. If the A-weighted emission sound pressure level at workstations exceeds 80 dB(A), additional ear safeguard shall be added.
·Driving on the rough road will make the noise of the truck be increased as well as the distortion of the tyres.
(23)Travel with full speed
500kg～3500kg forklift truck assembled with mast no less than 5m or attachment heavier than 250kg should not travel with full speed no matter whether it is loaded.